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The prognosis of such a disorder is individual for each patient and depends on several factors, in particular the type of diltiazem pills, the time of its duration and the nature of the course. Esophageal dyskinesia is a disorder of the movement of the food bolus from the pharynx into the stomach, not associated with an organic lesion of the esophageal wall. Depending on the type of dyskinesia, the clinical picture includes pain behind the sternum of varying intensity and duration, dysphagia, regurgitation of food into the oral cavity, and heartburn. Diagnosis includes fluoroscopy of the esophagus, esophagoscopy, esophageal manometry, fecal occult blood analysis. For therapeutic purposes, non-drug methods are used (diet, prevention of increased pressure in the abdominal cavity), sedatives and anticholinergics, calcium channel blockers. Surgical treatment is rarely used.
Causes Classification Symptoms of esophageal dyskinesia Diagnosis Treatment of esophageal dyskinesia Prognosis and prevention Prices for treatment. Esophageal dyskinesia can develop primarily (in the absence of other pathological processes) or secondarily - against the background of diseases of the esophagus (esophagitis, hiatal hernia, diverticula and cancer of the esophagus) and other organs (systemic connective tissue diseases, diabetes mellitus, severe pathology of the nervous system, ulcerative stomach disease, chronic cholecystitis), taking certain medications.
Depending on in which department motor disorders are noted, as well as on their orientation, two groups of dyskinesias are distinguished. disorders of peristalsis of the thoracic esophagus and esophageal sphincters. Dyskinesias in the thoracic region are hypermotor (segmental spasm of the esophagus, diffuse esophagospasm, nonspecific motor disorders) and hypomotor. Violations of contraction are possible both at the level of the lower esophageal sphincter (GERD, achalasia of the cardia, cardiospasm), and upper.
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As a result of these reasons, there is a discoordination of the nervous and humoral regulation of the contraction of the esophageal wall, and motor dysfunction develops.